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Generation of Ultrashort Coherent Vacuum Ultraviolet Pulses Using Electron Storage Rings: A New Bright Light Source for Experiments

We demonstrate for the first time that seeded harmonic generation on electron storage rings can produce coherent optical pulses in the vacuum ultraviolet spectral range.  
G. De Ninno et al., DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.101.053902

The experiment is performed at Elettra, where coherent pulses are generated at 132 nm, with a duration of about 100 fs. The light source has a repetition rate of 1 kHz and adjustable polarization; it is very bright, with a peak power several orders of magnitude above that of spontaneous synchrotron radiation. Owing to high stability, the source is used in a test photoemission electron microscopy experiment. We anticipate that seeded harmonic generation on storage rings can lead to unprecedented developments in time-resolved femtosecond spectroscopy and microscopy. 

In the figure:
Intensity of the UV pulses vs acquisition time. The pulse at the center corresponds to the coherent harmonic signal, while the small peaks at 
±1000 ns correspond to the synchrotron emission of the undulators. The signal was acquired using a photomultiplier (PMT) placed downstream a monochromator. Note that the PMT does not allow to resolve the sub-ps temporal scale on which the coherent pulse evolves. This, in turn, does not permit direct detection and therefore appreciation of the effective amplitude difference between the seeded and the spontaneous signals, their true ratio being a factor about 104 .

 

 

Red trace: the radiator is tuned for circular polarization; black trace: the radiator is tuned for linear polarization. Black trace is slightly shifted.


Retrieve article
Generation of Ultrashort Coherent Vacuum Ultraviolet Pulses Using Electron Storage Rings: A New Bright Light Source for Experiments
G. De Ninno1,2, E. Allaria2, M. Coreno3, F. Curbis2,4, M. B. Danailov2, E. Karantzoulis2, A. Locatelli2, T. O. Menteş2, M. A. Nino2, C. Spezzani2, and M. Trovò2
1Physics Department, Nova Gorica University, Nova Gorica, SI-5000 Slovenia
2Sincrotrone Trieste, S.S. 14 km 163.5, Trieste, I-34012 Italy
3CNR-IMIP (Rome branch), c/o CNR-INFM TASC National Laboratory, Trieste, I-34012 Italy
4Physics Department, Trieste University, Trieste, I-34100 Italy 
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.101.053902
Last Updated on Sunday, 08 January 2012 08:42