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Conceptual Design Report

CDR chapter 1 - Executive Summary

Synchrotron radiation is a fundamental and indispensable tool for the study of materials which encompasses a wide spectrum of sciences, technologies and applications, from life sciences to nanotechnologies, from environmental sciences and geochemistry to archaeology.
Synchrotron radiation has seen an explosive growth in its application to research and development and in the number of facilities built to serve its users, covering a large range of radiation wavelengths, extending from the infrared down to hard X-rays, in the form of radiation pulses with time duration down to the few picoseconds range. The number of facilities in operation worldwide is close to eighty, serving tens of thousands of users per year.
The main figure of merit of radiation sources is brilliance, which defines the intensity of radiation, within a given bandwidth around the desired wavelength, that can be focused unto a sample of given area.
Typical brilliance values for the highest performance “third generation” light sources are around 1019 to 1021 photons/s/mm2/mrad2/0.1% bandwidth. Another important characteristic is the pulse duration: ultra short, sub-picosecond radiation pulses are needed to open up the new investigation field covering not only the structure of a sample but also its dynamics during irradiation.
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Last Updated on Thursday, 17 October 2013 09:25